Object Record

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Catalog number 2002.7.45
Title Inca Fez style hat
Object Name Hat
Description Inca Fez style hat in natural color cammaloid wools of brown, tan, gray, and black, woven around a vegetable fiber (coiled), The Fez style hat was only found in Chile during the 70-year Inca occupation of Northern Chile

Referred to as the "Fez" type because of its similarity to the truncated cone shape of theTurkish Fez. The construction technique is known in basketry as "coiling". A weft of fine camelid threads is looped around a thick coil of the same fiber. (David Bernstein Fine Art- similar examples shown)

Marianne Hogue has suggested that the patterns most commonly found in Inca textiles - the step, the zigzag and the rectangle - have political and agricultural significance. A visual representation of reality was a lesser priority than the aesthetic impact of pattern and color and repetition. Pre-Columbian Andeans chose geometry and abstraction as the best means to communicate their ideas, though artists were certainly capable of creating naturalistic representations of the world as can be seen in remarkably sophisticated naturalistic ceramic portrait vessels made by the Moche culture.
Medium/Material Camelid wool, coiled vegetable fiber
Dimensions H-6 Dia-6 inches
Year Range from 1340
Year Range to 1470
Search Terms Pre-Columbian
South America
Inca
Americas
Peru
Patterns
Abstraction
Hat
Accessories
Textile
Personal ornament
14th century AD
15th century AD
Exhibition and Publication History * "Natural and Supernatural: Andean Textiles and Material Culture," Godwin-Ternbach Museum, Queens College, CUNY, September 8 - October 24, 2009.
Culture Inca/Chilean