|Title||A Bolognese Dog|
This is part of another series of animal studies by Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian draftsman, etcher, and illustrator, 1607-1677, active in Germany, Flanders, and England), an artist known for his careful naturalistic observation. The dog is set in a shallow nondescript space, with only the faintest suggestion of the line of the table where the dog is positioned. The detailed attention to the dog's fur and anatomy is another example of Hollar's merging of science and art--when natural history initially involved empirical study of nature's creatures.
Medieval depictions of animals in mosaics, tapestries, and paintings are quite different from Hollar's "Bolognese Dog". Medieval people were humbled and constrained by nature, having only limited technology to control and study it. Thus they had little accurate knowledge and often portrayed animals fantastically and/or schematically. Dogs, however, were domesticated, and more families owned dogs than before. They were used for warmth in the winters, to perform utilitarian tasks in the home, and as companions.
Kimberley Babcock, in "SCHOLARS, EXPLORERS, PRIESTS, How the Renaissance Gave Us the Modern World," ex. cat. G -T M, Queens College, CUNY, February 2 - March 27, 2010, 26.
|Medium/Material||Ink on paper|
|Dimensions||H-3 W-5 inches|
17th century AD
|Exhibition and Publication History||* Ex. cat. "SCHOLARS, EXPLORERS, PRIESTS, How the Renaissance Gave Us the Modern World," Curated by James M. Saslow, G -T M, Queens College, CUNY, February 2 - March 27, 2010, # 26, ill.|