Object Record

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Catalog number 69.15
Title Standing Figure, One of the Twelve Heavenly Generals
Object Name Figurine
Description Figurine of the "One of the Twelve Heavenly Generals." The twelve heavenly generals protect and serve the Yakushi Nyorai (the Buddha of Medicine and Healing). They are rarely shown independently and are usually grouped in a circle around him. They offer protection during the twelve daylight hours and represent the twelve months and twelve cosmic directions, the twelve animals of the twelve-year Chinese zodiac, and twelve vows of Yakushi. They were present when Shakyamuni Buddha introduced the "Healing Sutra."
The function of this heavenly general is to protect the Buddha of healing and those who put their faith in him by study of Buddhist scripture. He battles the enemies of Buddhism and wages war on sickness. He is depicted grotesquely, with a fierce facial expression that conveys a sense of aggression. His body is posed in a menacing martial stance, and his spiked hair communicates anger and danger. His ferocious expressions are directed at evil deeds and evil people.

Reference: Winter, Amy H., with Xiaoping Lin (eds.), "The Light of Infinite Wisdom: Asian Art from the Godwin-Ternbach Museum and Other Collections," Queens College, CUNY, 2003.
Medium/Material Wood
Dimensions H-22 inches
Year Range from 1333.0
Year Range to 1392.0
Search Terms Asian
Japan
East Asia
Nambokucho period
14th century AD
Figurine
Ceremonial
Devotional
Deity
Exhibition and Publication History * "Art of the East: Selections from the Permanent Collection" Godwin-Ternbach Museum, Oct. 13-Nov. 18, 1985.
* "The Light of Infinite Wisdom: Asian Art from the Godwin-Ternbach Museum and Other Collections," G-TM, 10/15-12/20/2003, #13, ill., p.13.
Culture Japanese/Nambokucho period