|Title||Standing Figure, One of the Twelve Heavenly Generals|
Figurine of the "One of the Twelve Heavenly Generals." The twelve heavenly generals protect and serve the Yakushi Nyorai (the Buddha of Medicine and Healing). They are rarely shown independently and are usually grouped in a circle around him. They offer protection during the twelve daylight hours and represent the twelve months and twelve cosmic directions, the twelve animals of the twelve-year Chinese zodiac, and twelve vows of Yakushi. They were present when Shakyamuni Buddha introduced the "Healing Sutra."
The function of this heavenly general is to protect the Buddha of healing and those who put their faith in him by study of Buddhist scripture. He battles the enemies of Buddhism and wages war on sickness. He is depicted grotesquely, with a fierce facial expression that conveys a sense of aggression. His body is posed in a menacing martial stance, and his spiked hair communicates anger and danger. His ferocious expressions are directed at evil deeds and evil people.
Reference: Winter, Amy H., with Xiaoping Lin (eds.), "The Light of Infinite Wisdom: Asian Art from the Godwin-Ternbach Museum and Other Collections," Queens College, CUNY, 2003.
|Year Range from||1333|
|Year Range to||1392|
14th century AD
|Exhibition and Publication History||
* "Art of the East: Selections from the Permanent Collection" Godwin-Ternbach Museum, Oct. 13-Nov. 18, 1985.
* "The Light of Infinite Wisdom: Asian Art from the Godwin-Ternbach Museum and Other Collections," G-TM, 10/15-12/20/2003, #13, ill., p.13.